Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel: Adding a source of solar power can save a substantial amount in energy costs over time.
Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel: Facts!
Even though the basic technology has been in use for many years, the cost of installing a solar array is still comparatively steep, resulting in a small but growing market for do-it-yourself construction and installation.
While this type of home energy project is not necessarily designed for the novice, knowing all the items needed to build a solar panel makes it easier to decide whether to hire the services of a professional.
- Each panel utilizes photovoltaic (PV) components for electrical generation.
Construction of an actual panel is a carefully controlled industrial procedure, making it unlikely that most homeowners will have easy access to adequate production facilities.
During the manufacturing process, crystalline cells are created from small silicon discs less than a centimeter thick, and must undergo a process of machine polishing to eliminate production flaws. After treatment with special chemicals, metallic conductors are added to each chip before being applied to the basic panel grid in a thin, flat sheet.
The grid is then covered with a glass layer cemented securely using a unique, thermally-conductive material to prevent overheating. Newer types of technology have emerged using amorphous silicon, a production method becoming increasingly popular.
Amorphous panels differ from crystalline cells because they are made through a process that deposits silicon alloys in thin layers. Each layer is designed to react to specific light wavelengths, producing optimal electrical generation, even on cloudier days. They are more efficient, do not break as easily as the crystalline technology, and last longer overall.
Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel: This is important!
Even though technically complicated, creating a solar array from individual cells in a home garage work-space is possible. Internet sites are available that list the numerous components and the exact number of steps required from start to finish.
For most people with limited time, however, buying them already made is more practical. This does not necessarily mean it is necessary to purchase brand new units at maximum expense. Visiting one of the major Internet auction sites is one way to find cells that are imperfect for the new market, but still work well. Buying these “seconds” is one way to save a major amount of money.
Solar arrays alone, however, are not enough to produce power. They must be placed in a position of maximum sun exposure, and need to have adequate air circulation to keep temperatures from rising too high.
- Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel: Do you know this?
If there is more than one unit, they must be connected to each other, either in parallel or in series, depending on the power needs of your home or building. Each has a grounding circuit, and is often directly connected to a unit called a charge controller. This controller is important because it is tied to a deep-cycle battery specially designed for sun power. It prevents that battery from becoming totally depleted or overcharged.
Each battery is specially designed to store surplus energy for use on cloudy days, but can produce direct current only. To run most household appliances, a high-voltage alternating current power source is needed, making it necessary to install an additional device called an inverter.
This device converts low-voltage direct current into 110 or 200 volt power suitable for running most home appliances. Once the inverter is in place with outlets, the system is ready to begin supplying electricity.
Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel: A powerful tip!
Because of the increasing demand for do-it-yourself installation, several manufacturers have begun to produce kits that are designed with the homeowner in mind.
- There are an entire range of prices, and most begin with a single panel setup.
With the exception of common tools, each comes with everything necessary for safe and practical installation. Most also contain instructions on how to angle the unit for the best sun exposure, and many make provisions for installing additional panels as they are needed. While not inexpensive, these kits are far less costly than having a comparable unit completely installed professionally.
Keep in mind that the final installation will require connecting the units to the house wiring, and that often means drilling into the walls. A reputable kit will come with complete and thorough instructions for all related installation challenges, and all the items needed to build a solar panel.
Converting a household to clean sun-power need not be a major interruption in daily life, because they are designed to start small, with additional units to be added as needed. Whether you choose to build your array from the ground up, from individual components, or from a complete kit, now is the time to begin reaping the advantages of unlimited power from the sun. These are the facts that you should consider about Items Needed To Build a Solar Panel